Fertility Test for Men

Male infertility is the situation where reproductive problems have been found in the male. Reproduction is a simple and natural experience for most couples. However, for some couples it is very difficult to conceive. A man’s fertility generally relies on the quantity and quality of his sperm. If the number of sperms a man ejaculates is low or the sperm is of a poor quality, it will difficult for him to cause a pregnancy. Males born with hormonal problems or undescended testes can become infertile. Some men, who have both the testes but are not able to produce sperm, also suffer from infertility, Moreover, stress can cause decreased libido and the couple can end up in having infertility.

 Some causes recognized  of infertility in male are following:

  • Low numbers and quality of sperm production.
  • Obstruction of sperm transport
  • Sexual problems
  • Hormonal problems
  • Sperm antibodies

Fertility Test for Men

In all cases of infertility, one-third of males are found infertile. Couples, who are wishing to have their own baby, also need to consult a doctor for treatment of infertility in the male partner. For treatment of male infertility, doctors diagnose patient using different fertility tests. Some important fertility tests for men are following:

  • Semen Analysis: Semen analysis forms the basis of important decisions concerning appropriate treatment for male infertility. Semen analysis should be performed in a laboratory adhering to national quality control standards. Sperm is collected into a specimen jar and presented to a lab technician who examines the sperm under a microscope in order to evaluate the count, shape, appearance, and mobility of the sperm.
  • Sperm Agglutination:Sperm agglutination refers to the percentage of sperm stuck together in the provided sample. Sperm can stick together at the head, tail or head-to-tail. Sperms are not supposed to stick together, they cannot swim that way. Sperms are supposed to be free moving, straight swimming with a healthy shape.
  • Sperm Penetration Assay: A laboratory test utilizing hamster eggs to evaluate a sperm’s capability of penetrating the egg. This test is rarely used. The test is scored by calculation of the percentage of ova that are penetrated or the average number of sperm penetrations per ovum. The sperm penetration assay identifies those couples that will have a high likelihood of success with in-vitro fertilization.
  • Vasography: An x-ray exam is used to determine if there is blockage or leakage of sperm in the vas deferens to avoid performing an extra operation, vasography is encouraged to be done at the time of correction of the obstruction.
  • Ultrasonography: This assessment used to detect damage or blockages in the male reproductive tract, including the prostate, seminal vesicles, and ejaculatory ducts. It plays an important role for evaluation of pathologic conditions of the testes.

Acrosome Reaction: Laboratory test that helps to determine if sperm heads are able to go through the chemical changes necessary to dissolve an egg’s tough outer shell. The Acrosome Reaction is the reaction that occurs in the acrosome of the sperm as it approaches the egg.

Boost Sperm Count & Motility with Male Fertility Medications

Men’s fertility totally depends on the quantity and quality of sperm that he generates. It is man’s sperm quantity and quality that can make a woman pregnant or he will not be able to do it at all. As per the study, around one in every 20 men has fertility problems and it is mainly due to a low sperm count. A condition that is called as secondary hypogonadism, which affects around 2% of men, which makes them infertile.It is the only condition that mainly causes infertility in men and to treat it, he has to take fertility medication. Below mentioned are few male fertility medications that can be helpful to boost sperm count and motility.

  • A man who is suffering from infertility can take Clomiphene, which is one of the non-steroid medication that helps in boosting the production of pituitary hormones. It can also help in increasing the follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), and the luteinizing hormone (LH). Taking this medication can direct the testicles to secrete testosterone and produce healthy sperm.
  • The next is Gonadotrophins (hCG and hMG) that can stimulate the testes to produce testosterone and sperm. Popular brands like Pregnyl and Novarel comes with few medications that can assist the reproductive technologies.
  • Letrozole is another male fertility medication that can be used to treat sperm issues. Taking this drug can increase the testosterone levels in the body and bring up the sperm count.
  • There are synthetic testosterone pills, injections and even gels that can be used to boost the low levels of natural testosterone in the body. The gel form is said to be safer than the pill form. You can take transdermal testosterone applications.
  • Those males who are suffering from fertility problem can take bromocriptine. This can prevent the release of prolactin hormone in the body, which causes a reduction in testosterone levels. The medication is useful for men who have sperm impairment due to hyperparathyroidism.
  • Imipramine is another medication that is currently used for treating retrograde ejaculation. The drug reverts the abnormal ejaculation of sperm.

How Fertility Medications Work?

  • It can stimulate the hormone production by increasing testosterone.
  • The drugs can improve the semen production, making it healthy and independently moving semen
  • It can keep the blood sugar levels under control, thereby preventing infertility as well as diabetes.
  • Stimulate the blood flow in the genital area and restore the activity
  • The drugs can increase the libido and boost the sexual drive of the man

The Bottom Line

For those who are suffering from infertility need not worry about it because there are medications that can treat it. Besides, you need to follow a healthy lifestyle as well.