Things You Need to Know About Egg Donation

  1. Egg donation is a highly regulated part of fertility treatments.

Eggs are just like any other organs when it comes to donations and there are lots of rules and regulations involved to become an egg donor, same as with any tissue donation.

  1. It’s recommended to only donate six times

The egg donors are recommended to donate only six times for their health concerns and also so there aren’t a number of half-siblings running around unknowingly. Sperm banks also have a limit to the amount of times that a donor can donate, although it changes from place the place.

  1. You need to undergo a series of psychological and physical screenings.

Egg donation requires several physical screenings to undergo. A donor can be disqualified if she has tattoo or piercing where sterile procedures were not used in the last 12 months. Doctors may also check donor’s travel history to make sure that they haven’t been to a Zika-affected country in the past six months. In the physical exam, the doctor check the blood work and do an ultrasound to check how many eggs the donor , and the likelihood of getting a good result.

  1. A very small percentage of interested women are actually eligible to donate

Due to the strict screening process only about 10% of women who does an initial screening make it to the second step. Generally only 10% of that second group makes it to involve in donation process. Sometimes women don’t meet the age requirements for donation and BMI requirements are also responsible for a lot of drop outs.

  1. The donor need be matched with a recipient before the donation process.

Egg donation is not similar as sperm donation. In this process a donor usually waits to match up with a recipient couple before undergoing the process. Only about 12% of their cycles are previously frozen eggs, while the rest are donors and recipients undergoing the treatment together.  As per Dr Shivani Sachdev Gour the majority of their egg donations are also “fresh” and fertilized at the time of the collection.

  1. Egg donation can be fatal

Egg donation has shown to be a safe process with no long-term side effects. However, it is good practice to understand the potential short-term side effects and risks that involved the process. Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome or OHSS is a potential risk associated with the egg donation, in which too many hormones during the egg retrieval process can make a patient sick with abdominal pain, diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, bloating, or even death.  After the egg retrieval, some donors may experience physical discomfort. In some cases, surgery may be required to repair any internal damage.

As per IVF expert Dr Shivani, egg donation is not a benign process. A donor needs to go through 10 to 14 days of injections of hormones to make her to ovaries grow to produce too many eggs. If the donation procedure is done correctly, you shouldn’t get sick.

Pregnancy and Opioids

Some women required medicines while they are pregnant. But consumption of most of the medicines are not safe during pregnancy. Many medicines create risks for you and for your baby.It can cause problems for you and your baby whiles you are pregnant, when you missed Opioids. Opioids sometimes known as narcotics are a type of drug. They include strong prescription pain relievers such as hydrocodone, oxycodone, tramadol and fentanyl. The illegal drug heroin is also an opioid.A doctor provider may give you a prescription Opioid to reduce pain caused due to a major injury or surgery. You also may be advised, if you have severe pain from health conditions like cancer. A doctor may prescribe them for chronic pain.

Prescription opioids used for pain relief are usually safe when prescribed by your doctor and taken for a short time. However, dependency and addiction of Opioid can have a potential risk. These risks usually increase when these medicines are misused. Misuse means you are taking someone else’s Opioids or you are not taking the medicines according to yourdoctor’s instructions or you are using high doses of it.

The possible risks of taking opioids during pregnancy?

Taking opioids during pregnancy can cause problems for you and your baby. The possible risks are:

  • Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS): Withdrawal symptoms (vomiting, diarrhea, irritability, seizures, fever, and poor feeding) in newborns baby.
  • Loss of the baby either miscarriage (before 20 weeks of pregnancy) or stillbirth (after 20 or more weeks).
  • Gastroschisis – A birth defect of the newborn child’s abdomen, where the intestines stick outside of the body through a hole beside the belly button.
  • Neural tube defects: Birth defects of the Spinal Cord, Brain or Spine.
  • Stunted growth: Which results in low birth weight.
  • Congenital heart defects: Health issues with the structure of the baby’s heart.

Some women require to take opioid pain medicine during her pregnancy’s days. You should first discuss the risks and benefits, if your doctor suggests that you need to take opioids during pregnancy. Then if you and your doctor both decide that you need to take the opioids, you should work together to try to minimize the risks. Some of the ways to minimize the risks are:

  • Consume these for the shortest time possible.
  • Taking as much as least dose that will help you.
  • Meet your doctor for all your follow-up appointments.
  • Contact your doctor as soon as possible if you have side effects.
  • Carefully following your doctor’s instructions for taking the medicines.

Treatments for opioid disorders in pregnancy

If you are pregnant and have an opioid use disorder, do not stop consumption of opioids suddenly. Consult your doctor so you can get help.The treatment for opioid use disorder is medication-assisted therapy (MAT). MAT includes counseling and medicine:

  • Medicine: Medicine can reduce your withdrawal and cravings symptoms. For pregnant women, doctors usually use either methadone or buprenorphine.
  • Counseling: It includes behavioral therapies, which can help you to build healthy life skills,help to change your attitudes and behaviors related to drug use and for getting useful prenatal care guidance.

 

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How is infertility diagnosed in Female?

A woman should be evaluated for any suspected infertility if she is unable to get pregnant after having 12 months of regular and unprotected sexual intercourse. A health care provider will ask basic questions about women health history for exploring root causes of infertility during evaluating of a woman’s fertility health. These questions may include:

  • History of past pregnancies
  • History of irregular menstrual cycles
  • History of abnormal vaginal bleeding or discharge
  • Known or suspected problems with the tubes, uterus or other problems in the abdominal cavity
  • Prior miscarriage cases
  • If she has abnormal vaginal bleeding or discharge
  • If she has a history of previous pelvic surgery or pelvic infection
  • Known or suspected male infertility problems

The evaluation should include the male as well as female partners and should be performed in a focused way to find all relevant factors for infertility. The least invasive methods should be tried first. The following tests may be performed as part of the infertility evaluation:

Hysterosalpingogram (HSG):  A hysterosalpingogram (HSG) is a procedure that uses an X-ray to see if the fallopian tubes are open and to if the shape of the uterine cavity is normal. This procedure usually takes less than 5 minutes and you can go home the same day. This procedure usually has been performed after period but before the ovulation, since it’s less likely that pregnancy occurred during this time.

Transvaginal Ultrasonography: An ultrasound probe is inserted into the vagina that causes sound waves to bounce off organs inside the pelvis to check the uterus and ovaries for abnormalities such as fibroids and ovarian cysts. These sound waves form echoes that are sent to a computer which produces a picture called a sonogram. This test is also called transvaginal sonography and TVS.

Male Partner Semen Analysis: Semen analysis is an important part of the infertility evaluation, although it is obtained from the male partner. A semen analysis provides information about the shape, movement and number of the sperm. A semen analysis is still important even if the male partner has fathered a child before.

Other Blood Tests: Other blood tests can be useful to check prolactin and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and to identify thyroid disorders and hyperprolactinemia which may cause problems with fertility, repeated miscarriages and menstrual irregularities. A blood test done around day 23 of the woman’s menstrual cycle can identify the amount of a hormone known as progesterone. This test detects whether ovulation has occurred and whether the ovaries are producing normal amount progesterone.

Laparoscopy: Laparoscopy is a surgical diagnostic procedure in which a lighted telescope-like instrument (called laparoscope) is inserted through the wall of the abdomen into the pelvic cavity used to examine the organs inside the abdomen. Laparoscopy allows your doctor to view and analyze inside your body in real time, without open surgery. Your doctor also can receive biopsy samples during this procedure. Laparoscopy should not be the first option in the evaluation of a female patient, as it involved high potential surgical risk and cost. It may be recommended depending on the woman’s health conditions and the results of other tests. How IVF can be a big life changer?

How to Improve Female Fertility?

Many environmental and genetic factors can affect fertility in men and women. However, it is quite possible to improve fertility capability using various natural methods. By following below mentioned methods, a woman can increase their chance of getting pregnant and can able to set the stage for a healthier pregnancy:

Managing stress

Stress is normally bad for our health no matter the circumstance, but it can have an even deeper hampering effect if you’re trying to conceive. For many women, trying to get pregnant can be stressful and stress can further reduce fertility. Do your best to reduce and manage anxiety and tension. Stress level can be measured by alpha-amylase which is directly linked to stress. A study showed that women with higher alpha-amylase levels may have a lower chance of getting pregnant naturally.

Women can increase their fertility by engaging in stress reduction activities. It is suggested that, women who wisely manage their anxiety and depression have a higher chance of becoming pregnant than those who do not. You can also try relaxation techniques like yoga, acupuncture or meditation for managing stress level. Just like you include cooking dinner and walking the dog in your daily schedule, also include stress reducing activities a priority in this list.

Maintain a Healthy Diet and Weight

Antioxidants like zinc and folate can considerably improve fertility for both men and women. Include foods rich in antioxidants (vitamins C and E, folate, beta-carotene and lutein) in your diet like fruits, vegetables, nuts and grains. Including healthy fat in your diet is also important for boosting fertility.

You can keep your reproductive cycle in balance, by ensuring that you’re not overweight or underweight. Obesity can harm your health in many ways, for example it can intervene with your ovulation. But women who are substantially underweight also possess a higher risk of ovulation problems. Whether you trying to lose or gain weight, try to achieve a healthy body mass index (BMI) to help maintain normal ovulation. BMI range of 19 to 24 indicates a healthy weight. Anything below or above this range should be discussed with your health care provider. A medical researcher found that women whose BMI is in the overweight or obese category have a much harder time becoming mother.

Stop smoking and reduce alcohol consumption

Smoking tobacco can interrupt hormone levels in your body and cause menopause to occur at much earlier age. Some study shows that smoking decreases your supply of eggs and ages the ovaries. It also increases the risk of ectopic pregnancy and miscarriage and also harms your cervix and fallopian tubes. Frequent drinking before pregnancy is directly linked to ovulation disorders. While you’re pregnant or planning to become pregnant, it is highly recommended not to smoke and drink alcohol at all to keep risks to your baby to a minimum.

Practice safe sex

Having unprotected sex with multiple partners increases your chances of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). These diseases can permanently damage your uterus and fallopian tubes. So try to avoid these practices. Surrogacy Vs Adoption

Ovulation Cycle Tracking

Ovulation cycle tracking is a simple procedure that can be helpful to recognize which days are most fertile to conceive. It is done by tracking women hormone cycle to predict when ovulation is probably going to occur.

The rise of hormones from pituitary gland known as “Luteinising Hormone”, trigger the ovulation. This generally occurs 24 hours before ovulation.

Your fertility specialist can detect this hormone surge by carrying out simple blood and ultrasound tests. The specialist then can able to advise you of the suitable time to have sex that will surely give you the best chance of conception. It doesn’t any medicines or invasive fertility treatments and it can provide the far better prediction than the home ovulation predication kits. This procedure only require the female partner needs to visit the clinic for cycle tracking, so there is no involvement of male partner during the procedure and they can remain stay at home.

Importance of sex timing for successful conception

If you’re trying to fall pregnant, the timing of when you and your partner have sex is critical as many couples get this wrong.

The timing of when you and your partner have sex is very much important when you’re trying to get pregnant, but many couples are not aware about this fact. Your menstrual cycle is the most fertile time which can results in the ovulation, before the egg is released from the ovary.

The egg can only survives for just 24 hours after ovulation, while sperm continue fertilizing capability for coming two to three days in the fallopian tubes. Due to this reason, the fertility specialist recommend couples to have sex every two days all around the female’s fertile window which can results in the successful ovulation, as the sperm are ready and waiting for the egg to fertilize when the female ovulates.

You are most likely to miss your fertile window and the opportunity for successful conception in a particular month if you are waiting trying to have sex at exactly the time of ovulation. Due to this fact, tools that help you to identify when you are going to ovulated are only useful to predict when you will possibly going to ovulate next month, assuming your cycles are regular.

Home ovulation kits Vs clinical ovulation tracking

You can identify more accurate and comprehensive overview of your cycle and general fertility possibility by undertaking a combination of ultrasounds and blood tests.

The most home ovulation tests that only measure the luteinising hormone (LH), but in Ovulation Cycle Tracking the specialist measure the quantity of progesterone, estrogen and LH present throughout cycle which enable them to expect ovulation earlier and use the ultrasounds can confirm that there are actually follicles developing.

Dr. Shivani Sachdev Gour (gynecologist and infertility specialist) can help you to conceive naturally with the help of Ovulation Cycle Tracking. She will provide you with professional expert advice regarding this procedure and identify any underlying problems as per your requirement. You can get a valuable advice from her at SCI Healthcare and SCI IVF Hospital and Multispecialty Center.

Significant Advantages of Frozen Embryos

Significant Advantages of Frozen Embryos

Frozen embryos offer patients who are suffering from infertility problems, an opportunity to expand their families in the future. There is no decline in embryos quality while they are in frozen state, therefore it maintain their reproductive potential. The embryos are associated with the age of the woman’s egg at the time of its fertilization; this can be an additional advantage. If a 35 years old patient goes through a full IVF cycle, she will be using eggs from her 35 years old with subsequent FET’s at the age of at 37 and again at 39. Younger eggs result in higher chances of chromosomal normalcy and higher pregnancy rates, so younger eggs are always preferred.

Women suffering from polycystic ovary syndrome (a hormonal disorder that often leads to fertility problems) can improve their chances of a successful pregnancy with the help of frozen embryos rather than fresh ones for in-vitro fertilization. Historically, the use of fresh embryos is preferred over that of frozen embryos, but study suggested that elective embryo freezing followed by frozen embryo transfer is an effective treatment for women with polycystic ovary syndrome. According to the studies, the success behind frozen embryos depends on the fact that frozen embryos take longer than fresh embryos to implant in the uterus. This is necessary for the better fertility environment because it allows hormone levels in the uterus to return to normal before the embryo is implanted. Frozen embryos increases pregnancy success rate in women, additionally women treated with frozen embryos also had fewer instances of hyperstimulation syndrome(a condition in which the ovaries swell and become painful and may also results in  other pregnancy complications) than women given fresh embryos. If a woman can able to freeze and store their embryos while attempting a fresh cycle transfer, and if accidently the fresh cycle is unsuccessful, she always has an option to try again without undergoing another ovarian stimulation or egg retrieval. Therefore, her cumulative pregnancy rate increases overall from one IVF cycle. Multiple frozen embryo transfer or FET cycles are less costly than fresh IVF cycle because medication is relatively less and there is no egg retrieval or anesthesia involved in this process. With Single Embryo Transfer or SET there may be an opportunities for multiple FET cycle after just one egg retrieval which again increases the cumulative pregnancy rate from one IVF.  FET cycles can be easily scheduled when it is more suitable and convenient for most of women. After scheduling FET, women are prescribed oral estrogen so that the uterine lining become ready for the transfer and this is administered only once every three days. Progesterone injections are applied, so that the women body can able to support a successful pregnancy. Daily intramuscular progesterone can be prescribed later in the cycle.

But at the same time, there are also few risks associated with women who received frozen embryos. It slightly increase risk of potentially dangerous high blood pressure during pregnancy and can increase death rate in newborn babies.

Laser Assisted Hatching

Laser Assisted Hatching is a process where a low energy laser beam is used to break the outer layer of the Zona Pellucida (the outer layer or shell that surrounds an embryo). The main purpose of laser assisted hatching is to allow the embryo to hatch more easily from its outer layer or shell. All pregnancies must result in successful hatching, whether naturally occurring or as a result of any assisted hatching technique such as in-vitro fertilization to enable embryos to implant in the lining of the uterus for further fertilization process. The Zona plays an important vital role in fertilization process as only one sperm can perforate the Zona and fuse with the egg for successful fertilization. The laser used to break the outer layer shell of the embryo is non-contact which means that embryo is not in direct contact with laser. The opening of embryo is increased with the help of laser. The whole procedure is carried out with latest technologies thorough precision and delicacy which positively improves and ramps up pregnancy rates among women.

Laser Assisted hatching involves considerably less time and protects the embryo from toxic chemicals so that the potential effect of these factors reduces and the stress placed upon the embryo during the whole process. In some cases, outer layer of the Zona Pellucida is abnormally thick or hardened with the freezing and thawing process. The possibility of the embryo to attaching or implanting into the wall of the uterus directly depends on the less difficulty faced by the embryo during hatching. Pregnancy cannot successfully happen unless the embryo hatches and implants and Laser Assisted Hatching can play a vital role in achieving these essential steps.

At the SCI Healthcare and SCI IVF Hospital of New Delhi, laser assisted hatching is offered and recommended for frozen embryo transfers by Dr Shivani Sachdev Gour (one of the best gynecologists and infertility specialist based in Delhi).

Who is recommended for Laser Assisted Hatching?

Recent research showed that women who have undergone repeated unsuccessful IVF treatments can increase their chances of a successful pregnancy with Laser Assisted Hatching procedure. But Laser Assisted Hatching can be helpful for any patient and it is most likely to be best suited for women:

  • Who are older than 37 years of age thus produce eggs with a harder Zona Pellucida.
  • With a high Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) level early in their cycle.
  • Who have a tendency to produce a harder or thicker Zona Pellucida
  • Who have frozen embryo transfer
  • Who have poor embryo quality
  • Who have mild elevations in their day 3 FSH levels

Advantages of laser-assisted hatching

A Laser Assisted Hatching considered being the best to other forms of assisted hatching due to the below reasons:

  • Exact and fast control over drilling of the shell opening
  • Minimal handling of the embryo during the procedure
  • It is more safe procedure, with no negative effects on the embryo
  • Assisted hatching may be clinically useful in patients with a poor prognosis, including those with two failed IVF cycles and poor embryo quality and older women than 38 years of age. At SCI Healthcare and SCI IVF Hospital and Multi-specialty Center, your doctor can further guide you to see if assisted hatching may optimize your IVF outcome.

Why Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is performed

In-vitro fertilization (IVF) is a new medical procedure to treat infertility or genetic problems. IVF help the couples with infertility who wants to have their own baby. It is recommended to try other fertility treatments first before going for IVF treatment, as it is very expensive and invasive.  If you decided to go for IVF treatment, you and your partner must try less invasive treatment options before attempting IVF; including taking fertility drugs to increase production of eggs or intrauterine insemination (it is a procedure in which sperm are transferred in uterus at the time of ovulation).  If parents run the risk of passing a genetic disorder on to their offspring, IVF can be helpful in such condition. A medical lab can test the embryos for genetic defects or abnormalities. After that, doctor only implants healthy embryos without genetic defects.

IVF considered as a primary treatment for women suffering from infertility over age of 40 years. It can be adopted if you have certain heath problems. IVF can be beneficiary, if you or your partner has:

Damage or blockage of fallopian tube:  If the fallopian tube get damaged or blocked, it become  difficult for an egg to be fertilized or for an embryo to travel to the uterus for further fertilization. 

Ovulation disorders: If ovulation is absent or infrequent, fewer eggs will be available for further fertilization. 

Premature ovarian failure: Before the age of 40 years, many women suffered from premature ovarian failure which is the loss of normal ovarian function. If your are suffering from premature ovarian failure, the ovary won’t produce normal amounts of the hormone estrogen or have eggs to release regularly. 

Endometriosis: Endometriosis arises when the uterine tissue implants and grows outside of the uterus. Endometriosis often affects the normal function of the fallopian tubes, ovaries and uterus. 

Uterine fibroids: Many women in their 30s and 40s suffered from fibroids which is a benign tumor in the wall of the uterus. Fibroids can create problem with implantation of the fertilized egg. 

Impaired sperm function or production: Low-average sperm concentration, poor mobility of sperm (weak movement), or abnormalities in sperm quality, size and shape can make it difficult for sperm to fertilize an egg for further fertilization. If your partner is suffered from any of these semen abnormalities, he must need to see a specialist to determine if there are correctable problems or underlying health concerns for the further IVF procedure. 

Unexplained infertility:  No cause of infertility can also identified despite evaluation for common causes. 

Genetic disorder:  If you or your partner carries a risk of passing on a genetic disorder to your offspring, you may be recommended for having pre-implantation genetic diagnosis. It is a procedure that involves IVF. After the eggs are successfully harvested and fertilized, few tests can be performed to screen for certain genetic problems. Generally not all genetic problems can be found in these tests. The embryos that don’t show identified abnormalities of problems can be transferred to the uterus.

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Few Things Need to Know Before Eggs Freezing

Age is the major risk factor for health problems like the likelihood of chromosomal abnormalities in women. The risk of birth defects or disorders and the risk of miscarriage makes the things difficult for conceiving. Egg freezing is an alternate way to stop the natural biological clock of the body, expand reproductive chances and preserve the younger and possibly healthier eggs. Eggs freezing have become an increasingly attractive option for many women looking to extend their childbearing years. But few things need to know before going for eggs freezing:

Exact meaning of egg freezing: The process of egg-freezing or oocyte cryopreservation in medical language, involved stimulation of the ovaries with hormones to produce multiple eggs, the retrieved eggs are then sent to the lab where they are frozen unfertilized and stored to be thawed at a later date and combined with sperm in a lab and implanted in the uterus for further in vitro fertilization process.

Procedure of egg freezing: The process of retrieving eggs for further eggs freezing is similar to the first phase of in-vitro fertilization (IVF). The doctor will apply anesthesia and vaginal wall be a punctured from a needle. There is a possible risk for infection but the will reduce as far as surgical procedures move forward. To stimulate the ovaries to produce multiple eggs, round of hormone injections given to the woman. For regular monitoring of ovaries by vaginal ultrasound, the stage involves multiple visits to the doctor, about five times in the interval of 10 days. The eggs are retrieved after a week of hormone treatments.The complete egg retrieval process takes about 10 minutes and is done under mild sedation or anesthesia. The doctor guides a needle through the vagina to the ovarian follicle which contains the eggs using an ultrasound. A suction device installed at the end of the needle removes the eggs from the follicles. Retrieving the eggs from ovary is technically similar to that of from getting blood drawn from the body where a needle goes into the ovary the eggs taken out gently.

Associate Risk of Egg Freezing : The complete surgical procedure is almost safe, but risk of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome or OHSS which create some heath related issues in some women may develop by the hormone shots. That mostly happens when a woman responds too aggressively to the hormones and the ovaries become painful and swollen. But in rare, OHSS increases the risk of blood clots and kidney failure that can be fatal.

Chances of having a baby with my freezing eggs: According to a survey conducted by the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, the chance that a single frozen egg will successfully lead to a pregnancy is about 12 percent.  For this reason, it is often recommended to have coupled dozen eggs frozen to maximize the success rate for having baby in later life. Although the success will directly depend on a number of factors like age of woman and the quality of the sperm of her partner.

Risks Associated with In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

In-vitro fertilization (IVF) is a complex medical treatment used to treat infertility or genetic problems and help with the conception of a child. It is a type of assisted reproduction procedure in which a woman’s eggs and a man’s sperm are combined outside of the woman’s body in a laboratory dish. Then one or more fertilized eggs (embryos) directly transferred into the woman’s uterus. Pregnancy happens if any of the embryos implant in the uterine lining. In fact, serious health issues from IVF procedures and medicines are rare. However, there are some risks associated with this all medical treatments. The most common risks are discussed below.

Multiple pregnancies: If more than one embryo is implanted in your uterus, there is an increase risk of multiple pregnancies. There is a high risk of early labor and low birth weight if a pregnancy with multiple fetuses occurred, but there is a low risk if pregnancy occurred with a single fetus.

Psychological stress: IVF involves a significant financial, physical and emotional commitment on the part of a couple, specially if in vitro fertilization (IVF) is unsuccessful psychological stress and emotional problems are common. Support from family and friends or counselors may help the couple through the ups and downs of infertility treatment.

Very expensive:  IVF Procedure is expensive and most of the insurance companies do not provide coverage for fertility treatment. The cost for a single IVF cycle can cost from at least $12,000-$18,000.

Low birth weight and premature delivery:  It is suggested that use of IVF significantly increases the risk that a baby will be low birth weight or born early as expected.

Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome: During the IVF procedure, to induce ovulation many injectable fertility drugs such as human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) are used which can cause ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. Signs and symptoms of this treatment typically last a week and include pain, bloating, mild abdominal pain nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. In many pregnant women, the symptoms might last several weeks. There is a possibility to develop a more-severe form of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome that can increase the chances of shortness of breath or rapid weight gain.

Miscarriage: The rate of miscarriage is about 15 to 25 percent for women who conceive using IVF with fresh embryos is similar to that of women who conceive naturally, but this rate generally increases with maternal age. The risk of miscarriage increases with the use of frozen embryos during IVF procedure.

Egg-retrieval procedure complications: Use of an aspirating needle to collect eggs during IVF could possibly cause infection or damage to the bowel, bladder or a blood vessel or bleeding. If general anesthesia has been used, high risks will increase with the mother.

Birth defects: No matter how the child is conceived, the age of the mother is the main risk factor in the development of birth defects in the baby. More research is required to evaluate whether babies conceived using IVF might involved in increased risk of certain birth defects. Some experts suggest that the use of IVF does not increase the risk of having a baby with birth defects.