What is In-Vitro Fertilization or IVF TECHNOLOGY?

In-Vitro Fertilization or IVF is an assisted reproductive technology (ART). IVF process required the fertilization by extracting eggs retrieving a sperm sample and then manually combining the egg and sperm in a laboratory dish. The embryo or embryos are then transferred to the uterus after the combination. Gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT) and zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT) are other forms of ART.IVF is one of the effective way for treating infertility caused by ovarian disorders, premature ovarian failures or fibroids or blocked fallopian tubes in women and male factor fertility caused by low sperm count.It is also an effective treatment for women who have had their fallopian tubes removes or any other unexplained infertility and male with any genetic disorder.The successful rate for treating infertility with IVF mainly depends on number of factors like causes of infertility and of course, reproductive history, maternal age and lifestyle factors. But in reality, IVF is considered to be an effective treatment for infertility in childless couples.                

Process of IVF and embryo transfer

  • For stimulating egg production fertility medications are recommended. Multiple eggs may be desired because some eggs will fail to develop or fertilize after retrieval. A trans-vaginal ultrasound has been adopted to examine the ovaries, and blood test samples are collected to check hormone levels.
  • With the help of a minor surgical procedure eggs are retrieved through ultrasound imaging to guide a hollow needle through the pelvic cavity to successfully remove the eggs. Medication is advised to reduce and remove further potential discomfort.
  • A sample of sperm collected from male, which will be used for combining with the eggs.
  • The sperm and eggs are mixed together and collected in a laboratory dish to encourage fertilization and this process is known as insemination. The process of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) may be used in some situation where there is a lower probability of fertilization. During this procedure, a single sperm from male is injected directly into the egg in an attempt to achieve successful fertilization.
  • Three to five days after the egg retrieval and fertilization the embryos are usually transferred into the woman’s uterus. A small tube or catheter is inserted into the uterus to transfer the embryos. This procedure is free from any sort of pain for most women, although women may experience mild cramping. If the procedure is successful, the implantation normally occurs around six to ten days after egg retrieval.

Side effect of IVF

After the process of IVF most women can start doing normal activities in the following day itself. Some side effects after IVF process include passage of small amounts of fluid in women after the procedure.

The produced fluid can be clear or slightly colored with blood. Bloating and mild cramping can also considered as side effect. Some women also experienced tender at breasts and constipation after the procedure as side effects. Some potential problems like blood in the urine, pelvic pain and fever over 100.5°F and heavy vaginal bleeding should be thoroughly checked by doctor immediately. The side effects of fertility medications may include headaches, abdominal pain, hot flashes and abdominal bloating mood swings or hyper-stimulation syndrome (OHSS).

Surrogacy: Moral and Ethical View

Dr. Shivani Sachdev Gour, who runs a surrogacy clinic in Delhi. CBS News
Dr. Shivani Sachdev Gour, who runs a surrogacy clinic in Delhi / CBS News

Dr Shivani Sachdev Gour Explains, why surrogacy is ethically and morally correct?

Surrogate parenthood is an emotionally charged topic that both reflects and has implications for our concepts of parenthood and family. Surrogacy is a promising treatment for infertility. It can potentially solve many intolerable difficulties that the infertile couples and their families face.

There are various views regarding Surrogacy. Some criticize it as morally and ethically incorrect; while some explains it an honorable method that based on the unselfish belief of doing good to others, where one woman helping another woman to conceive.

Surrogacy Types and Comparison

There are various aspects that make surrogacy ethically correct and morally transparent:

  1. Helping an Infertile Couple

In this universe, the most amazing feeling for a couple it to having their own baby. But for some couples having this feeling is not that easy because of infertility. Through Surrogacy they can achieve that pleasure of parenthood. So, there is nothing unethical in helping a couple to reach that pleasure and Surrogate mother does that selflessly.

  1. Features for Surrogate Mother in Legal Contract

Becoming a Surrogate mother is not just a job but involves a great responsibility. Though no money can compensate Surrogate mothers’ emotions and boding with child that she carries in her womb for nine months. Still, the legal contract involved in this process, has many beneficiary clauses for surrogate mother.

A legal contract describes following features in favour of a surrogate mother.

  • Surrogate mother gets financial aid in response of her deed.
  • Surrogate mother gets a full healthy diet and environment during pregnancy and prenatal period.
  • Surrogate gets proper health monitoring during pregnancy and after delivery.
  • All her expenses during pregnancy and in later care are managed by the intended parents.

There is nothing morally wrong towards a surrogate mother if all the above points are followed properly.

  1. Helping Surrogate Mother Financially

A lady who carries a child in behalf of another woman is called a surrogate mother. A surrogate mother offers her physical services and time in response of money that she may require for an important deed. So, helping a surrogate mother financially is not anyway ethically wrong in response of her services.

  1. Ownership of Intended Parents on Child

Sometimes it is also observed that the process of surrogacy involving in-vitro fertilization results in birth of triplets or quadruplets. This may harm the interest of the child, but a proper legal agreement contains a clause that all the number of children through surrogacy is a responsibility of intended parents only. This feature eliminates burden of responsibility from surrogate mother and describes ownership of intended parents on born children, no matter if these are twins or triplets.

Why Surrogacy is Getting Popular These Days?

About In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF) – Basic Question and Answers

IVF is one of the best treatments for infertility. No matter which kind of infertility issue you are suffering from, IVF can put an end to all of that and help you to have a baby. Conceiving through IVF is slightly different from the natural pregnancy and this is the reason that many women have several doubts related to it. Though the process of getting pregnant in both the cases is a little different but after some time your IVF is just similar to the natural pregnancy where you nurture your baby and deliver it successfully.

In IVF, the healthy sperms of the male partner and eggs of the female partner are extracted and then kept in a dish under the right conditions. These fuse and form an embryo. As soon as the embryo is formed, it is put back into the womb where it will receive all the required nourishment to grow and develop. So this is like your natural pregnancy only but slightly different in the way it is done. IVF process is very crucial as the success of the treatment depends on it. That is why you need to get in touch with the best specialist to accomplish the purpose.

There might be many names that you can go for but Dr Shivani Sachdev Gour is the top infertility expert in Delhi with over 19 years of experience. If you want to know more about her, read the dr shivani sachdev review which is highly motivating. The dr shivani surrogacy clinic reviews are available on the official website and other sources too. So this is how you can grab more information and seek the correct advice.

Basic FAQ’s related to IVF
Q. Process that can be combined with IVF
A. IVF can be combined with ICSI (Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection), PGS (Pre-Implantation Genetic Screening), FET (Frozen Embryo Transfer) etc.

Q. Is IVF affordable?
A. Though IVF is a costly treatment but still there are some IVF centres which provide the same services at affordable price. Also it will depend on the additional services that you take along with the IVF. So the cost will vary from couple to couple.

Q. What are best – frozen or fresh eggs?
A. The chances of success are higher in case of the fresh eggs and that is why it is important to use the fresh ones rather than the frozen ones.

Q. Do I need to leave my job?
A. In the initial weeks you might have to go for regular check-ups and treatments so a lot of time will go running after the hospitals. Therefore if you can manage your work it will be good. Too much pressure or stress can be harmful for the baby.

Q. What is the right age for IVF?
A. 35 years of age is the correct age to start with IVF. The older you get success chances also drop.

Q. How IVF can help me?
A. It can help you to conceive and get blessed with a baby when none of the other treatments suit you.