Things You Need to Know About Egg Donation

  1. Egg donation is a highly regulated part of fertility treatments.

Eggs are just like any other organs when it comes to donations and there are lots of rules and regulations involved to become an egg donor, same as with any tissue donation.

  1. It’s recommended to only donate six times

The egg donors are recommended to donate only six times for their health concerns and also so there aren’t a number of half-siblings running around unknowingly. Sperm banks also have a limit to the amount of times that a donor can donate, although it changes from place the place.

  1. You need to undergo a series of psychological and physical screenings.

Egg donation requires several physical screenings to undergo. A donor can be disqualified if she has tattoo or piercing where sterile procedures were not used in the last 12 months. Doctors may also check donor’s travel history to make sure that they haven’t been to a Zika-affected country in the past six months. In the physical exam, the doctor check the blood work and do an ultrasound to check how many eggs the donor , and the likelihood of getting a good result.

  1. A very small percentage of interested women are actually eligible to donate

Due to the strict screening process only about 10% of women who does an initial screening make it to the second step. Generally only 10% of that second group makes it to involve in donation process. Sometimes women don’t meet the age requirements for donation and BMI requirements are also responsible for a lot of drop outs.

  1. The donor need be matched with a recipient before the donation process.

Egg donation is not similar as sperm donation. In this process a donor usually waits to match up with a recipient couple before undergoing the process. Only about 12% of their cycles are previously frozen eggs, while the rest are donors and recipients undergoing the treatment together.  As per Dr Shivani Sachdev Gour the majority of their egg donations are also “fresh” and fertilized at the time of the collection.

  1. Egg donation can be fatal

Egg donation has shown to be a safe process with no long-term side effects. However, it is good practice to understand the potential short-term side effects and risks that involved the process. Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome or OHSS is a potential risk associated with the egg donation, in which too many hormones during the egg retrieval process can make a patient sick with abdominal pain, diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, bloating, or even death.  After the egg retrieval, some donors may experience physical discomfort. In some cases, surgery may be required to repair any internal damage.

As per IVF expert Dr Shivani, egg donation is not a benign process. A donor needs to go through 10 to 14 days of injections of hormones to make her to ovaries grow to produce too many eggs. If the donation procedure is done correctly, you shouldn’t get sick.

Risks Associated with In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

In-vitro fertilization (IVF) is a complex medical treatment used to treat infertility or genetic problems and help with the conception of a child. It is a type of assisted reproduction procedure in which a woman’s eggs and a man’s sperm are combined outside of the woman’s body in a laboratory dish. Then one or more fertilized eggs (embryos) directly transferred into the woman’s uterus. Pregnancy happens if any of the embryos implant in the uterine lining. In fact, serious health issues from IVF procedures and medicines are rare. However, there are some risks associated with this all medical treatments. The most common risks are discussed below.

Multiple pregnancies: If more than one embryo is implanted in your uterus, there is an increase risk of multiple pregnancies. There is a high risk of early labor and low birth weight if a pregnancy with multiple fetuses occurred, but there is a low risk if pregnancy occurred with a single fetus.

Psychological stress: IVF involves a significant financial, physical and emotional commitment on the part of a couple, specially if in vitro fertilization (IVF) is unsuccessful psychological stress and emotional problems are common. Support from family and friends or counselors may help the couple through the ups and downs of infertility treatment.

Very expensive:  IVF Procedure is expensive and most of the insurance companies do not provide coverage for fertility treatment. The cost for a single IVF cycle can cost from at least $12,000-$18,000.

Low birth weight and premature delivery:  It is suggested that use of IVF significantly increases the risk that a baby will be low birth weight or born early as expected.

Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome: During the IVF procedure, to induce ovulation many injectable fertility drugs such as human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) are used which can cause ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. Signs and symptoms of this treatment typically last a week and include pain, bloating, mild abdominal pain nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. In many pregnant women, the symptoms might last several weeks. There is a possibility to develop a more-severe form of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome that can increase the chances of shortness of breath or rapid weight gain.

Miscarriage: The rate of miscarriage is about 15 to 25 percent for women who conceive using IVF with fresh embryos is similar to that of women who conceive naturally, but this rate generally increases with maternal age. The risk of miscarriage increases with the use of frozen embryos during IVF procedure.

Egg-retrieval procedure complications: Use of an aspirating needle to collect eggs during IVF could possibly cause infection or damage to the bowel, bladder or a blood vessel or bleeding. If general anesthesia has been used, high risks will increase with the mother.

Birth defects: No matter how the child is conceived, the age of the mother is the main risk factor in the development of birth defects in the baby. More research is required to evaluate whether babies conceived using IVF might involved in increased risk of certain birth defects. Some experts suggest that the use of IVF does not increase the risk of having a baby with birth defects.