Why Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is performed

In-vitro fertilization (IVF) is a new medical procedure to treat infertility or genetic problems. IVF help the couples with infertility who wants to have their own baby. It is recommended to try other fertility treatments first before going for IVF treatment, as it is very expensive and invasive.  If you decided to go for IVF treatment, you and your partner must try less invasive treatment options before attempting IVF; including taking fertility drugs to increase production of eggs or intrauterine insemination (it is a procedure in which sperm are transferred in uterus at the time of ovulation).  If parents run the risk of passing a genetic disorder on to their offspring, IVF can be helpful in such condition. A medical lab can test the embryos for genetic defects or abnormalities. After that, doctor only implants healthy embryos without genetic defects.

IVF considered as a primary treatment for women suffering from infertility over age of 40 years. It can be adopted if you have certain heath problems. IVF can be beneficiary, if you or your partner has:

Damage or blockage of fallopian tube:  If the fallopian tube get damaged or blocked, it become  difficult for an egg to be fertilized or for an embryo to travel to the uterus for further fertilization. 

Ovulation disorders: If ovulation is absent or infrequent, fewer eggs will be available for further fertilization. 

Premature ovarian failure: Before the age of 40 years, many women suffered from premature ovarian failure which is the loss of normal ovarian function. If your are suffering from premature ovarian failure, the ovary won’t produce normal amounts of the hormone estrogen or have eggs to release regularly. 

Endometriosis: Endometriosis arises when the uterine tissue implants and grows outside of the uterus. Endometriosis often affects the normal function of the fallopian tubes, ovaries and uterus. 

Uterine fibroids: Many women in their 30s and 40s suffered from fibroids which is a benign tumor in the wall of the uterus. Fibroids can create problem with implantation of the fertilized egg. 

Impaired sperm function or production: Low-average sperm concentration, poor mobility of sperm (weak movement), or abnormalities in sperm quality, size and shape can make it difficult for sperm to fertilize an egg for further fertilization. If your partner is suffered from any of these semen abnormalities, he must need to see a specialist to determine if there are correctable problems or underlying health concerns for the further IVF procedure. 

Unexplained infertility:  No cause of infertility can also identified despite evaluation for common causes. 

Genetic disorder:  If you or your partner carries a risk of passing on a genetic disorder to your offspring, you may be recommended for having pre-implantation genetic diagnosis. It is a procedure that involves IVF. After the eggs are successfully harvested and fertilized, few tests can be performed to screen for certain genetic problems. Generally not all genetic problems can be found in these tests. The embryos that don’t show identified abnormalities of problems can be transferred to the uterus.

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