- Egg donation is a highly regulated part of fertility treatments.
Eggs are just like any other organs when it comes to donations and there are lots of rules and regulations involved to become an egg donor, same as with any tissue donation.
- It’s recommended to only donate six times
The egg donors are recommended to donate only six times for their health concerns and also so there aren’t a number of half-siblings running around unknowingly. Sperm banks also have a limit to the amount of times that a donor can donate, although it changes from place the place.
- You need to undergo a series of psychological and physical screenings.
Egg donation requires several physical screenings to undergo. A donor can be disqualified if she has tattoo or piercing where sterile procedures were not used in the last 12 months. Doctors may also check donor’s travel history to make sure that they haven’t been to a Zika-affected country in the past six months. In the physical exam, the doctor check the blood work and do an ultrasound to check how many eggs the donor , and the likelihood of getting a good result.
- A very small percentage of interested women are actually eligible to donate
Due to the strict screening process only about 10% of women who does an initial screening make it to the second step. Generally only 10% of that second group makes it to involve in donation process. Sometimes women don’t meet the age requirements for donation and BMI requirements are also responsible for a lot of drop outs.
- The donor need be matched with a recipient before the donation process.
Egg donation is not similar as sperm donation. In this process a donor usually waits to match up with a recipient couple before undergoing the process. Only about 12% of their cycles are previously frozen eggs, while the rest are donors and recipients undergoing the treatment together. As per Dr Shivani Sachdev Gour the majority of their egg donations are also “fresh” and fertilized at the time of the collection.
- Egg donation can be fatal
Egg donation has shown to be a safe process with no long-term side effects. However, it is good practice to understand the potential short-term side effects and risks that involved the process. Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome or OHSS is a potential risk associated with the egg donation, in which too many hormones during the egg retrieval process can make a patient sick with abdominal pain, diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, bloating, or even death. After the egg retrieval, some donors may experience physical discomfort. In some cases, surgery may be required to repair any internal damage.
As per IVF expert Dr Shivani, egg donation is not a benign process. A donor needs to go through 10 to 14 days of injections of hormones to make her to ovaries grow to produce too many eggs. If the donation procedure is done correctly, you shouldn’t get sick.