Some women required medicines while they are pregnant. But consumption of most of the medicines are not safe during pregnancy. Many medicines create risks for you and for your baby.It can cause problems for you and your baby whiles you are pregnant, when you missed Opioids. Opioids sometimes known as narcotics are a type of drug. They include strong prescription pain relievers such as hydrocodone, oxycodone, tramadol and fentanyl. The illegal drug heroin is also an opioid.A doctor provider may give you a prescription Opioid to reduce pain caused due to a major injury or surgery. You also may be advised, if you have severe pain from health conditions like cancer. A doctor may prescribe them for chronic pain.
Prescription opioids used for pain relief are usually safe when prescribed by your doctor and taken for a short time. However, dependency and addiction of Opioid can have a potential risk. These risks usually increase when these medicines are misused. Misuse means you are taking someone else’s Opioids or you are not taking the medicines according to yourdoctor’s instructions or you are using high doses of it.
The possible risks of taking opioids during pregnancy?
Taking opioids during pregnancy can cause problems for you and your baby. The possible risks are:
- Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS): Withdrawal symptoms (vomiting, diarrhea, irritability, seizures, fever, and poor feeding) in newborns baby.
- Loss of the baby either miscarriage (before 20 weeks of pregnancy) or stillbirth (after 20 or more weeks).
- Gastroschisis – A birth defect of the newborn child’s abdomen, where the intestines stick outside of the body through a hole beside the belly button.
- Neural tube defects: Birth defects of the Spinal Cord, Brain or Spine.
- Stunted growth: Which results in low birth weight.
- Congenital heart defects: Health issues with the structure of the baby’s heart.
Some women require to take opioid pain medicine during her pregnancy’s days. You should first discuss the risks and benefits, if your doctor suggests that you need to take opioids during pregnancy. Then if you and your doctor both decide that you need to take the opioids, you should work together to try to minimize the risks. Some of the ways to minimize the risks are:
- Consume these for the shortest time possible.
- Taking as much as least dose that will help you.
- Meet your doctor for all your follow-up appointments.
- Contact your doctor as soon as possible if you have side effects.
- Carefully following your doctor’s instructions for taking the medicines.
Treatments for opioid disorders in pregnancy
If you are pregnant and have an opioid use disorder, do not stop consumption of opioids suddenly. Consult your doctor so you can get help.The treatment for opioid use disorder is medication-assisted therapy (MAT). MAT includes counseling and medicine:
- Medicine: Medicine can reduce your withdrawal and cravings symptoms. For pregnant women, doctors usually use either methadone or buprenorphine.
- Counseling: It includes behavioral therapies, which can help you to build healthy life skills,help to change your attitudes and behaviors related to drug use and for getting useful prenatal care guidance.